Published 1931 in Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y .
Written in EnglishRead online
|Other titles||Birth-rate within the European sphere of civilization, The causes of the decline in.|
|Statement||by Roderich von Ungern-Sternberg, translated from the original German by Hilda H. Wullen.|
|Series||Eugenics research association. Monograph series. no. IV|
|Contributions||Wullen, Hilda H., tr.|
|LC Classifications||HB991 .U5|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||v, 202 p.|
|Number of Pages||202|
|LC Control Number||33021780|
Download The causes of the decline in birth-rate within the European sphere of civilization
Genre/Form: Vital statistics: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Ungern-Sternberg, Roderich von, Causes of the decline in birth-rate within the European sphere of civilization.
Causes of the Decline in Birth Rates the latter causes in lowering the birth rate. Within this group samples were obtained for each of the broad social classes in thirty-three cities having total populations of betweenandinand for the wives of farm owners in the rural parts of seventy-four.
The most widely accepted explanation is that the “great depression” of –96 lowered the middle-class standard of living, which in turn led to a concomitant decline in the birth rate as middle-class couples tried to retain or improve levels of consumption and by: In particular, southern Europe’s economic disaster is both reflected -- and is largely caused by -- a demographic decline that, if not soon reversed, all but guarantees the continent’s.
There is hardly a book written in the past years that can surpass Spengler's 'Decline of the West' in the depth of understanding, interpreting and explaining the logic behind cultural phenomena and its relationship to the historical development of civilizations in general.
This is 'THE THEORY of EVERYTHING' in the field of Humanities/5(). Spengler's Philosophy, and its implication that Europe has 'lost its way' David L. McNaughton - - [email protected] "Comparative Civilizations Review", USA, Fall (vol.
67), pp. Drawing from his major book (and others), and looking also at. Based on the survey data, about % of the trend of declining birth rates after the s is due to an increase in the unmarried population, and the other % of the trend is due to a decrease in the number of children in families (Figures 1 and 2).
These two factors have been the major causes of declining birth rates. Societal collapse (also known as civilizational collapse) is the fall of a complex human society characterized by the loss of cultural identity and of socioeconomic complexity, the downfall of government, and the rise of violence.
Possible causes of a societal collapse include natural catastrophe, war, pestilence, famine, and depopulation. A collapsed society may revert to a more primitive. This book focuses on the work of Malek Bennabi ( –), a prominent Algerian thinker and great Muslim intellectual, bringing new insight to his methodology and philosophy.
Bennabi, whose research unraveled the causes of Muslim decline and the success of Western civilization and culture, concluded that problems lay not in. A) The absorption of European colonies within the American sphere of influence B) The ideological differences and political rivalry among European states C) The failure of other countries to break the American monopoly on oil D) A productive economy in a country untouched by the destruction of war.
The reasons for the decline of the Empire are still debated today, and are likely multiple. Historians infer that the population appears to have diminished in many provinces (especially western Europe), judging from the diminishing size of fortifications built to protect.
As part of our mini-series on fertility, we talk to a demographer about why fertility rates are declining in developing countries. Also within Europe, where social security benefits are dangerously generous, there are differences among countries.
Some of the most generous schemes are found in Germany, France, and the Mediterranean countries — as are the lowest fertility rates in the region. Start studying Western Civilizations Since Midterm 1 (Book). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
The birthrate amongst native Europeans is desperately low and below reproduction rate; it has been low since but is now reaching pathetic levels. Europe is shrinking, Europe is dying. Meanwhile, an alien population of Muslims, introduced to Europe from the s without consulting its local population, is growing s: History of Europe - History of Europe - Barbarian migrations and invasions: The wanderings of the Germanic peoples, which lasted until the early Middle Ages and destroyed the Western Roman Empire, were, together with the migrations of the Slavs, formative elements of the distribution of peoples in modern Europe.
The Germanic peoples originated about bce from the superimposition, on a. Background. Secularization is sometimes credited both to the cultural shifts in society following the emergence of rationality and the development of science as a substitute for superstition—Max Weber called this process the "disenchantment of the world"—and to the changes made by religious institutions to compensate.
At the most basic stages, this begins with a slow transition from oral. Mesoamerican civilization, the complex of indigenous cultures that developed in parts of Mexico and Central America prior to Spanish exploration and conquest in the 16th century. In its accomplishments Mesoamerican civilization was a New World counterpart to.
Jürgen Habermas (UK: / ˈ h ɑː b ər m æ s /, US: /-m ɑː s /; German: [ˈjʏʁɡn̩ ˈhaːbɐmaːs]; born 18 June ) is a German philosopher and sociologist in the tradition of critical theory and work addresses communicative rationality and the public sphere. The Decline and Fall is known for the quality and irony of its prose, its use of primary sources, and its open criticism of organised religion.
Gibbon returned to England Edward Gibbon (8 May – 16 January ) was an English historian and Member of Parliament/5(73). In the past, civilization was a sensibility shared by a class of people, while barbarism would be found not only in tribes beyond the frontier, but also in the slaves and the servile within the realms of civilization itself.
In modern liberal democracies, this clear relation between a culture and a class has disappeared. The Decline of the West, Volume 2 (TOC) - Kindle edition by Spengler, Oswald.
Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Decline of the West, Volume 2 (TOC).Reviews: Starting in Europe in the late s and continuing today, birth rates have been declining in societies as they become more affluent, industrialized, and technologically advanced.
The Enlightenment emerged out of a European intellectual and scholarly movement known as Renaissance humanism and was also preceded by the Scientific Revolution and the work of Francis Bacon, among date the beginning of the Enlightenment to René Descartes' philosophy of Cogito, ergo sum ("I think, therefore I Am"), while others cite the publication of Isaac Newton's.
Economic downturns caused by population decline not only affect households' pockets and purses, but also its level of mental health. There is a very strong relationship between economic recessions and depressions and psychological problems, including increased suicide rates, worsening of mood disorders, and feelings of helplessness and hopelessness.
The Decline of the West: Form and Actuality - Kindle edition by Spengler, Oswald. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.
Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Decline of the West: Form and s: History of the concept. The English word civilization comes from the 16th-century French civilisé ("civilized"), from Latin civilis ("civil"), related to civis ("citizen") and civitas ("city").
The fundamental treatise is Norbert Elias's The Civilizing Process (), which traces social mores from medieval courtly society to the Early Modern period.
In The Philosophy of Civilization ( Clash of Civilizations—or Clash Within Civilizations. Seth Cropsey & Harry Halem. Samuel Huntington’s “The Clash of Civilizations” caused a stir when Foreign Affairs published it in the summer of Grand theoretical views by eminent thinkers deserve to cause stirs, whether they are right in the main or not—for being wrong grandly can start ultimately useful conversations in ways.
According to the Canadian Museum of History, one of the primary ways geography affected early civilizations was in determining the location of settlements. Written under the pen name Theodore Dalrymple, whose great book "Life at the Bottom" I consider a must-read, In "The New Vichy Syndrome," British Psychiatrist Anthony Daniels turns his penetrating insights and eviscerating wit to Europe, including the Muslim problem, the European Union and the general "miserabilist" world view of modern s: Trends in the Birth Rate and Total Fertility Rate.
Between to the birth rate declined from 29 per thousand to 13 per thousand; The Total Fertility Rate has also seen a general decline in the last century, from a peak of almost 3 babies per woman in the s to a low point of about babies per woman in History of Europe - History of Europe - Social upheaval: In western Europe, economic change produced massive social consequences during the first half of the 19th century.
Basic aspects of daily life changed, and work was increasingly redefined. The intensity of change varied, of course—with factory workers affected most keenly, labourers on the land least—but some of the pressures were.
Western civilization traces its roots back to Europe and the is linked to ancient Greece, the Roman Empire and with Medieval Western Christendom which emerged from the Middle Ages to experience such transformative episodes as the Renaissance, the Reformation, the Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution, scientific revolution, and the development of liberal democracy.
The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affairs of the people of Europe since the beginning of written records. During the Neolithic era and the time of the Indo-European migrations, Europe saw human inflows from east and southeast and subsequent important cultural and material.
The basic cause of European population increase as a whole was a decline in mortality - fewer deaths. The population grew in the 18th century primarily because years of higher-than-average death rates are less catastrophic. However, women did indeed have more babies at this time.
Frey attributed the decline in birthrates to a women's “lifestyle” choice as well as the fact the economy has been in a funk. Times of economic downturn or uncertainty tend to cause a. world, and none in the sphere of Western civilization, the birth rates likewise were lower at the end than at the beginning of the period.' 1 In a number of countries the decline of the birth rate was checked in the late thirties as the result of economic recovery and, in Germany and the U.S.S.R., as the result of deliberate popu-lation policy.
For simple reproduction of the population, the average birth rate should be children. But women in Western Europe, on average, give birth to only children. And in the conditions of a progressive decline in the indigenous population of Europe, Muslims successfully fill the demographic vacuum that has formed.
In Europe, the disease caused massive deaths consequently leading to an era of learning and discovery. During this era, western the Europe power and influence expanded at the expense of the Mongols declining power resulting in the shift of the world power from east Eurasia to.
Early modern Europe is the period of European history between the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, roughly the late 15th century to the late 18th ians variously mark the beginning of the early modern period with the invention of moveable type printing in the s, the Fall of Constantinople and end of the Hundred Years’ War inthe.
1. See Robert S. Lopez, The Commercial Revolution of the Middle Ages,Cambridge (); Harry Miskimin, The Economy of Early Renaissance Europe,Cambridge (); and Harry Miskimin, The Economy of Later Renaissance Europe, (Cambridge ().
2. Fernand Braudel, Afterthoughts on Material Civilization and. A new book warning that a decline in the birth rate in the industrial world will be accompanied by a decrease in the global influence of Western democratic culture has. Though each civilization’s success correlated with strict sexual ethics, attitudes toward sex became increasingly liberalized and loosened.
The consequences of the myth that sexual activity and its impacts could be confined to the private sphere soon became apparent.