Sterilization and mental handicap proceedings of a symposium sponsored by the National Institute on Mental Retardation and the Ontario Association for the Mentally Retarded.

Cover of: Sterilization and mental handicap |

Published by National Institute on Mental Retardation in Toronto .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Involuntary sterilization -- Congresses,
  • People with mental disabilities -- Congresses

Edition Notes

Book details

ContributionsNational Institute on Mental Retardation., Ontario Association for the Mentally Retarded., Symposium on the Sterilization of Mentally Retarded Persons (1979 : York University, Toronto)
The Physical Object
Paginationvi, 161 p.
Number of Pages161
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18311465M
ISBN 100919648274

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Brantlinger discusses the current medical and legal trends in sterilization with special emphasis on people with disabilities. She explores the issues surrounding sterilization decisions from the perspectives of judges, lawyers, social workers, doctors, family planners, as well as the families and individuals by: A timely and gripping history of the controversial eugenics movement in America–and the scientists, social reformers and progressives who supported Better for All the World, Harry Bruinius charts the little known history of eugenics in America–a movement that began in the early twentieth century and resulted in the forced sterilization of more t by: Sterilization and mental Sterilization and mental handicap book proceedings of a symposium / sponsored by the National Institute on Mental Retardation and the Ontario Association for the Mentally Retarded The Institute Downsview, Ont Australian/Harvard Citation.

National Institute on Mental Retardation (Canada). & Ontario Association for the Mentally Retarded. The issue of sterilization in people with mental handicap has re‐emerged in recent years.

Historical aspects are briefly reviewed, and attention is drawn to the different context in which this issue has been revived. A postal survey of parental views was by: Sterilization of persons with developmental disabilities has often been performed without appropriate regard for their decision-making capacities, abilities to care for children, feelings, or interests.

In addition, sterilization sometimes has been performed with the mistaken belief that it will prevent expressions of sexuality, diminish the chances of sexual exploitation, or reduce the.

As a young woman, I remember the controversy over the sterilization of the mentally disabled and recall how horrified I was at the thought that someone who thought they knew best could heartlessly take away the right of anyone to choose to be a parent – but that was long before I experienced the challenges I now face as a grandmother raising mentally disabled grandchildren.

Sterilization versus segregation: Control of the ‘Feebleminded’, – Author This paper presents a model designed to contextualize studies of the specialized custodial mental handicap Sterilization and mental handicap book which evolved in Britain and North America during the early decades of this century.

and particularly the debate over Cited by: Involuntary sterilization of persons with mental retardation: An ethical analysis. Douglas S. Diekema. Corresponding Author. E-mail address: Mentally retarded persons who lack capacity in those three areas should be considered for involuntary sterilization only when the procedure is necessary, sterilization would serve the best interests of Cited by: In numerous states, laws regarding sterilization for reasons of disability still remain on the books.

These policies are not simply holdovers from a previous era, however. Ina mentally ill patient was sterilized by court order, with a later court upholding the judgment on appeal. The involuntary sterilisation of children with disabilities should be challenged She experienced ongoing physical and mental health issues throughout her adult life as a result of the Author: Stella Young.

Given the nature of mental disability, women with disabilities were and still are particularly vulnerable to forced sterilizations performed under the auspices of legitimate medical care or the consent of others in their name.

7 A mentally disabled woman forced to undergo a sterilizationAuthor: Devin Griffin. Sterilization and mental handicap: proceedings of a symposium Author: National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.) ; Ontario Association for the Mentally Retarded.

See also. Limitations on Reproductive Autonomy for the Mentally Handicapped Limitations on Reproductive Autonomy for the Mentally Handicapped.

Sterilization Technology and Decisionmaking: Rethinking the Incompetent's Rights Sterilization Technology and Decisionmaking: Rethinking the Incompetent's Rights. The Sterilization Rights Of Mental Retardates The Sterilization Rights Of Mental Cited by: 8.

Sterilisation of incompetent mentally handicapped persons: A model for decision making Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Medical Ethics 25(3) July with 34 Reads. Sterilization (Birth control), Sterilization (Birth control), Mental health laws, Stérilisation (Régulation des naissances), Stérilisation (Régulation des naissances), Santé mentale Publisher Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Collection universityofottawa; toronto Digitizing sponsor University of Ottawa Contributor University of Pages: Eugenic, which allowed sterilising people considered insane or with severe illness or with a physical disability.

Social indication allowed sterilisation of people considered unsuitable to foster a child due to mental illness, being feebleminded or having an antisocial lifestyle. It was never legal to physically restrain a person. This Supreme Court case led to the sterilization of 65, Americans with mental illness or developmental disabilities from the s to the ’70s.

Sexual maturity and interest in sexual activity in women with intellectual disability may alarm their carers who are concerned about menstrual hygiene, sexual abuse, pregnancy and offspring who would have to be raised, and they may seek sterilization or hysterectomy as a by: Forced sterilization in Germany was the forerunner of the systematic killing of the mentally ill and the handicapped.

In OctoberHitler himself initiated a decree which empowered physicians to grant a "mercy death" to "patients considered incurable according to the. Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive is defined by an IQ un in addition to deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors that affect everyday, general living.

Once focused almost entirely on cognition Specialty: Psychiatry, pediatrics. persons when their parents propose sterilization.7 Part II develops an alternative approach, which I will call the "autonomy model.' 8 This model is developed primarily through an analysis of the effects of mental disability on three dimensions of the disabled person's reproductive inter-Cited by: Keywords: Sterilisation; mentally handicapped persons; decision making 1.

Introduction The theme of sterilisation of the mentally handicapped is currently very muchin the news. The world was recently dismayed to learn that thousands of women were sterilised in Sweden between and because their behaviour wasregardedas "unacceptable".Cited by: 8.

Get this from a library. Sterilization and mental handicap: proceedings of a symposium sponsored by the National Institute on Mental Retardation and the Ontario Association for the Mentally Retarded. [National Institute on Mental Retardation.; Ontario Association for the Mentally Retarded.;].

©— Bioethics Research Library Box Washington DC   We shall conclude that the Legislature, in enacting subdivision (d) of section [, which banned sterilization of the mentally retarded,] intended to discontinue the longstanding, but.

Brantlinger discusses the current medical and legal trends in sterilization with special emphasis on people with disabilities. She explores the issues surrounding sterilization decisions from the perspectives of judges, lawyers, social workers, doctors, family planners, as well as the families and individuals themselves.

History, Eugenics, National socialism and medicine, Euthanasia, National socialism, Accessible book, Law and legislation, Moral and ethical aspects, Aktion T4 (Germany), Congresses, Government policy, Protected DAISY, Psychiatric hospitals, Psychiatry, Medical ethics, People with mental disabilities, Sterilization (Birth control), Legal status.

Involuntary sterilization of the mentally retarded is stirring bitter controversy and resentment among mentally handicapped people. The recent sterilization of “Infant K,” a ten-year-old mentally handicapped British Columbia girl, appalled the Canadian Association for the Mentally Retarded.

Most of these operations were performed before the s in institutions for the so-called “mentally ill” or “mentally deficient.” In the early 20th century across the country, medical superintendents, legislators, and social reformers affiliated with an emerging eugenics movement joined forces to put sterilization laws on the : Zócalo Public Square.

The Committee has clarified that except where there is a serious threat to life or health, the practice of sterilization of girls, regardless of whether they have a disability, and of adult women.

The group emphasized well-raised and genetically ‘superior’ children as the hope for a future utopian society.” [Clément ] Alberta’s Sexual Sterilization Act created a Eugenics Board that was empowered to recommend sterilization as a condition for release from a mental health institution.

The purpose was to ensure that “the. Laws forbidding sterilization of the mentally incompetent may be nearly as dehumanizing as the forced sterilization laws they replaced. Weighing the complex medical and ethical issues involved, judging whether guardians' fears are reasonable, and determining patients' best interests require careful, individual case reviews with strict procedural by: 7.

DISABILITY, EUGENICS, AND THE CULTURE WARS PAUL A. LOMBARDO* I. INTRODUCTION: EUGENICS AND DISABILITY Eugenics is an old word and an old idea, but because of its historical role it demands attention in this Symposium issue on legal and cultural responses to disability.

Francis Galton’s formal definition of eugenics in. Sterilization of mentally handicapped individuals occurs today despite little consensus in the medical community as to when sterilization is appropriate (Zurawin & Paransky, ).

In addition, each state has different laws regarding sterilization of the mentally by: 5. History of Forced Sterilization and Current U.S. Abuses By Kathryn Krase | October 1, Inthanks to the Center for Investigative Reporting, it came to light that dozens of female inmates in California had been illegally sterilized in recent years.

The story was a salient reminder that forced sterilization, an issue that tends to be. Sterilization is currently a voluntary surgery, not compulsory. Therefore the individual must provide valid consent.

If the individual is capable of making this decision then they should understand what the surgery involves, that the surgery is intended to be irreversible and therefore, they should thoroughly consider if they expect to marry, or want children in their future.

first law on the books on the subject of forced sterilization. Indiana was the first state to do so. Overall, thirty-five states had at one point had laws allowing forced sterilization (Hodges, ). Public attitudes toward forced sterilization in the mentally retarded began to change just before the end of File Size: KB.

A study in the journal Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews about the ethics of involuntary sterilization of mentally handicapped people examined surveys from. Through examination of recent cases on the sterilization of men with intellectual disabilities, this article explores the legal framework of the ‘best interests’ test and the ‘least restrictive alternative’ provisions in the Mental Capacity Act and argues that sterilization is usually unnecessary, disproportionate and not the least Cited by: 1.

Introduction. The practice of sterilization among the handicapped emerged as a convenient way to avoid unwanted pregnancies. A request for sterilization can develop from concerned parents, professionals, or from the mentally disabled individuals who chose to remain childless. The Supreme Court Ruling That Led To 70, Forced Sterilizations: Shots - Health News In the first half of the 20th century, American eugenicists used forced sterilization .The first American law mandating the sterilization of 'undesirables' was passed immediately after World War I.

The operations were performed in "mental health facilities" on "unwed mothers, prostitutes, petty criminals and children with disciplinary problems."[8] Indiana was the first State to pass a compulsory sterilization law.An article for physicians by physicians Originally published April WE.

Abstract. In the case of E. (Mrs.) vs. Eve (), the Supreme Court of Canada established limitations related to therapeutic sterilization of mentally incapable (incompetent) patients.

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